Endodontic retreatment of maxillary first molar: the importance of the fourth canal
Aim: The targets of the endodontic therapy are damaged tissue and bacteria removal from the canals and dentinal tubules and the prevention of recontamination after the treatment. Introduction: Correct endodontic treatment has to follow several parameters: proper diagnosis, isolation of operating field, full chemo-mechanical preparation of the complex endodontic system, three-dimensional obturation of the root canals, post endodontic restoration. Respecting all these parameters short and long term success can be achieved. Materials and methods: In this article an orthograde retreatment of maxillary first molar has been described, which showed at pre-operative X-ray, an incongruous endodontic therapy, the failed finding of the fourth canal and the presence of periapical lesions. Discussion: A high percentage of failures is due to missed root canals and therefore not cleansed, shaped and it is essential to use modern technologies to achieve safe and reproducible results. Conclusions: The endodontic retreatment of this right maxillary first molar was performed with the proper protocols and sophisticated tools, with which we can achieve success in the short- and long-term treatments.
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