Effect of cyclic torsional preloading on cyclic fatigue resistance of ProTaper Next and Mtwo nickel—titanium instruments

Abstract views:

Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.


Aim: To evaluate the influence of different torsional preloads on cyclic fatigue resistance of endodontic rotary instruments made by conventional nickel—titanium (NiTi) or M-Wire. Methods: Eighty new Mtwo (#25/0.06) (Sweden & Martina, Due Carrare, Padova, Italy) and ProTaper Next X2 (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) were used. The Torque and distortion angles at failure of new instruments (n = 10) were measured and 0% (n = 10), 25%, 50%, and 75% (n = 20) of the mean ultimate torsional strength as preloading condition were applied according to ISO 3630-1 for each brand. The twenty files tested for every extent of preload were subjected to 25 or 50 torsional cycles (n = 10). After torsional preloading, the number of cycles to failure was evaluated in a simulated canal with 608 angle of curvature and 5 mm of radius of curvature. Data were analyzed using 2-way analysis of variance. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was performed to evaluate the fracture surface of each fragment. Results: ProTaper Next X2 reduced their cyclic fatigue after 25 or 50 cycles of every torsional preloading (25%, 50%, and 75%) (P < 0.01). Cyclic fatigue of Mtwo was reduced by 50 cycles of every torsional preloading and only after the 75% of preload for 25 cycles (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Torsional preloads reduced the cyclic fatigue resistance of M-wire and conventional (as ProTaper Next and Mtwo) NiTi rotary instruments except for Mtwo with 25% or 50% of torsional preloading.

Pedullà, E., Lo Savio, F. ., Plotino, G., Grande, N. M., Rapisarda, S., Gambarini, G., & La Rosa, G. . (2015). Effect of cyclic torsional preloading on cyclic fatigue resistance of ProTaper Next and Mtwo nickel—titanium instruments. Giornale Italiano Di Endodonzia, 29(1), 3–8. https://doi.org/10.32067/gie.2015.29.01.03


Download data is not yet available.